Beyond the Size

Australia vs USA: A Comprehensive Comparison Across Various Aspects

Australian and American Comparison: Size, Population, GDP, Islands, and Cities

Australia and the United States are two of the largest countries in the world, with vast territories that have much to offer. They are world-renowned for their natural marvels, bustling cities, unique cultures, and fascinating histories.

However, there are significant differences that distinguish one from the other. This article will provide an informative comparison of

Australia and the USA, highlighting their size, population, GDP, islands, and cities.


When it comes to land area,

Australia and the USA are at opposite ends of the spectrum. The land area of

Australia is approximately 2.97 million square miles (7.68 million sq km), making it the 6th largest country by land area.

In contrast, the USA covers approximately 3.8 million square miles (9.83 million sq km), making it the 3rd largest country in the world. However, the USA has more water area, as it is surrounded by the Atlantic, Pacific, and Arctic oceans, and has inland seas, bays, and hundreds of rivers.

In contrast,

Australia, an island continent, has a coastline of 25,760 km, but its interior is dominated by vast deserts, mountains, and grasslands.


In terms of population, the US is much larger than

Australia, with a population of around 332 million people, while

Australia has around 25 million inhabitants. According to the United Nations data, the USA is the third most populous country in the world, while

Australia ranks only 55th.


When looking at the economies of both countries, the USA is the world’s largest and most technologically advanced economy, with a

GDP of approximately $21.4 trillion. In contrast,

Australia has a

GDP of approximately $1.4 trillion, making it the 14th largest economy in the world.

However, when it comes to

GDP per capita,

Australia beats the US, with a per capita

GDP of approximately $55,000 compared to the US’s $64,000. This may be attributed in part to

Australia’s low population density and high-quality lifestyle, which have led to its high competitiveness and prosperity.


Australia is a unique place to visit due to its isolation and the variety of islands that are scattered around its coasts. The total number of islands in

Australian waters is around 8,222, with the largest one being Tasmania, located south of the mainland.

Tasmania covers approximately 26,000 square miles (68,401 sq km) and is home to 500,000

Australians. While the US also has numerous islands, the largest being Hawaii, with an area of approximately 10,930 square miles (28,313 sq km), the majority of the US’s land is situated on the North American continent.



Australia and the United States have thriving cities, with modern infrastructure, culture, entertainment, and business. Some of the largest cities in the USA include New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, Houston, and Philadelphia, with New York City being the most populous and iconic one.

Australian cities are spread out across the continent, with the majority located along the coast. The largest cities in

Australia include Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, and Adelaide, with Sydney being the biggest and most popular city.

When it comes to airport infrastructure, the USA is home to over 500 commercial airports, and 193 international airports, with the busiest airport being Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport, which handled over 110 million passengers in 2019. In contrast,

Australia has approximately 62 commercial airports and seven international airports, with the busiest one being Sydney Kingsford Smith International Airport, which handled over 44 million passengers in 2019.

Concerning highways, the US has some of the longest highways globally, including Highway #1, which runs along the Pacific Coast and covers approximately 2,390 miles (3,846 km), and the Pan-American Highway, which spans 19,000 miles (30,580 km) from Alaska to Argentina. In contrast,

Australia’s longest national highway is Route 1, which circumnavigates the

Australian continent and covers approximately 9,000 miles (14,500 km).

Australia also has Route 20, which runs parallel to the country’s east coast and is the longest state highway, covering around 1,400 miles (2,226 km). In conclusion, while both

Australia and the USA are massive nations with much to offer, their unique physical, economic, and cultural traits distinguish them from each other and make them fascinating destinations to explore.

Bodies of Water Comparison:

Rivers and


When it comes to water bodies, both

Australia and the United States have significant rivers and lakes that add to the natural beauty and overall environment of the country. From the mightiest rivers to the largest lakes, both countries have numerous water bodies that create distinct identities and provide opportunities for various water-related activities.


Australia has several notable rivers that run throughout the continent. The longest river in

Australia is the Murray River, which is approximately 1,558 miles (2,508 km) long and runs through three states in the southeastern part of the country.

The Murray River is an iconic

Australian river, known for its spectacular scenery and thriving ecosystem. Another significant river is the Darling River, which spans approximately 1,600 miles (2,575 km) and is also located in southeastern


The Darling River is a critical water source for many communities in the Outback areas of New South Wales and Queensland. In contrast, the United States has a vast network of rivers that spans the entire country.

The longest river in the US is the Mississippi River, which flows approximately 2,350 miles (3,780 km) from Lake Itasca in Minnesota to the Gulf of Mexico. The Mississippi River is a vital waterway and is essential for transportation, trade, and commerce.

Other significant rivers include the Colorado River, the Missouri River, and the Rio Grande, among others.


When it comes to lakes, both

Australia and the United States have many stunning and natural lakes that attract locals and tourists alike. While

Australia may have a smaller number of lakes than the US, it has some significant ones.

The most famous and largest lake in

Australia is Lake Eyre, located in South

Australia. Although it is the largest lake, it is also the driest, with water levels largely depending on seasonal rainfall.

It covers approximately 5,691 square miles (14,666 sq km) and is a popular tourist destination due to its unique ecology and harsh environment. Other notable lakes include Lake Torrens, Lake Gairdner, and Lake Frome.

In contrast, the United States is home to more than 100,000 lakes, ranging in size from small ponds to vast freshwater reservoirs. Most of the largest natural lakes in the US are located in the northern part of the country, near the border with Canada.

The largest lake is Lake Superior, covering approximately 31,700 square miles (82,103 sq km), and is located on the international boundary between Canada and the US. The Great Salt Lake, located in Utah, is the largest saltwater lake in the Western Hemisphere and covers around 1,700 square miles (4,400 sq km).


The military forces of

Australia and the United States are some of the world’s most advanced and powerful. Both countries have formidable armies, air forces, and naval forces that offer protection to their citizens and lend aid to allied nations.


Australian Defence Force (ADF) consists of three branches: the Royal

Australian Navy (RAN), the

Australian Army, and the Royal

Australian Air Force (RAAF). The ADF has more than 58,000 active personnel and approximately 28,000 in reserves.

The ADF’s primary role is the defense of

Australia and its interests and the provision of military assistance during emergencies and natural disasters. The US military, commonly referred to as the Armed Forces, is composed of five branches: the Army, Marine Corps, Navy, Air Force, and Space Force.

The Armed Forces also include the Coast Guard, which is under the Department of Homeland Security but can be transferred to the Department of Defense during wartime. The Armed Forces have approximately 1.4 million active-duty personnel and more than 800,000 reserve troops.

The US Armed Forces are among the most powerful and well-funded in the world. US military technology, equipment, and personnel are among the world’s best, and the USA’s global military presence demonstrates its commitment to maintaining international peace and security.

In conclusion, bodies of water and military capacity reflect another facet of the differences in

Australia and the USA’s natural and human resources. While both countries have a diverse array of waterways, the US’s abundance of lakes and rivers and the breadth and complexity of its military represent significant differences from

Australia’s resources.

Education and

Healthcare Systems: Comparison of Universities and Hospitals

Two of the most essential sectors that contribute to human development and progress are education and healthcare. Both

Australia and the United States have made significant investments in these areas, which are among the most advanced and comprehensive in the world, offering cutting-edge education and healthcare opportunities to their citizens and people around the world.


Australia and the United States are home to some of the top universities globally, attracting thousands of students from many countries. The US has more than 4,500 universities, colleges, and junior colleges, while

Australia has over 40 universities.

According to the World University Rankings, the United States has some of the best-performing universities globally, with 18 of their universities ranking in the top 20 in the world. The top-ranked university in the United States is Harvard University, followed by Stanford University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), and California Institute of Technology (Caltech).

The US universities offer a broad range of degrees in various fields, including humanities, science, technology, and business. Similarly,

Australia has some of the world’s leading universities, with seven

Australian universities ranking in the top 100 according to the World University Rankings.

The highest-ranked

Australian university is the University of Melbourne, followed by the

Australian National University (ANU), the University of Sydney, and the University of New South Wales.

Australian universities are known for their strong research records and are consistently at the forefront of global innovation.

When it comes to student enrollment, the United States has one of the highest numbers of international students among advanced nations, with over 1 million international students enrolled in universities.

Australia is also renowned for offering top-notch education and attracts many international students, with more than 550,000 international students enrolled in

Australian universities.


Healthcare is another essential sector that reflects a country’s commitment to the well-being of its citizens. Both

Australia and the United States have robust and comprehensive healthcare systems, composed of public and private hospitals, health clinics, and various health services.


Australia, public hospitals are funded by the federal government, providing free basic healthcare services to patients with Medicare healthcare. The country has more than 80 public hospitals, with the Royal Melbourne Hospital being the largest hospital in the country with 1000 beds.

Private healthcare services are also available, which includes 657 private hospitals and around 36 hospital providers.

The United States has a somewhat different healthcare system, with public healthcare provided by programs such as Medicare and Medicaid for certain vulnerable groups. The country has over 6,000 hospitals, including 1,700 public hospitals and an estimated 900,000 licensed hospital beds.

The largest hospital in the United States is the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center Presbyterian, with 2,400 beds. In terms of healthcare expenditure, the United States spends a higher proportion of its

GDP on healthcare compared to


In 2019, the United States spent approximately 17.7% of its

GDP on healthcare, while

Australia spent approximately 9.5% of its GDP. The healthcare system in the United States is known for its advanced technology, innovative procedures, and advanced research.

The country has been a leader in medical research and has produced many Nobel Prize-winning medical discoveries. In contrast, the

Australian healthcare system is distinctive with its focus on primary care, community health, and a strong emphasis on preventive medicine and health promotion.

In conclusion, education and healthcare are two critical sectors that influence a country’s development and welfare of its citizens. While

Australia and the US have invested significant resources in these fields, their approach and results differ at various points.

These differences reflect the unique approach of both nations towards offering the best education and healthcare services to their citizens. Sports: Comparison of Golf Courses in

Australia and the United States

Golf is a popular and prestigious sport that is played worldwide and enjoyed by millions of people.


Australia and the United States have a long tradition and history of golf, and the countries are home to numerous golf courses, some of which are recognized as the best in the world.


Australia has a well-established golfing culture, with over 1,500 golf courses located across the country, and around 75% of these are located in New South Wales, Victoria, and Queensland. These courses are set against breathtaking backdrops, offering stunning views and challenging terrain.

In terms of the quality of courses,

Australia is home to some of the best in the world. The Royal Melbourne Golf Club, located in Melbourne, is recognized as one of the leading courses globally and has hosted prestigious tournaments, including the Presidents Cup.

Other notable courses include the New South Wales Golf Club and the Kingston Heath Golf Club. When it comes to the number of courses,

Australia’s golf course density is lower than the United States.

According to data, there are approximately 6 golf courses per 100,000 people in

Australia. The average number of players per course is around 90.

The United States

The United States is considered one of the premier destinations for golfing, with a long-established culture and thousands of courses located across the country. In fact, the US has the highest number of golf courses globally, with over 16,000 courses, which is approximately 45% of the total golf courses worldwide, spread throughout all 50 states.

The United States is also home to some of the most sought-after and prestigious courses globally, like Augusta National Golf Club, located in Georgia, which hosts the US Masters tournament. When it comes to the number of golf courses per capita, the United States has a higher density of golf courses.

With an estimate of around 12,000 courses and a population of around 328 million people, the US has approximately 37 golf courses per 100,000 people. The average number of players per course in the US is approximately 130, which is higher than in


The Importance of Golf

Aside from being a fun sport to play, golf has an economic impact and contributes to tourism, creating employment opportunities and promoting local economies in both countries. For example, in the United States, golf is a substantial industry that generates billions of dollars in revenue and creates thousands of jobs.

Golf also plays an essential role in promoting the countries’ tourism industries. Many golf enthusiasts travel internationally to experience and play on some of the world’s most iconic courses, and both

Australia and the US have much to offer.


Golf is a widely played and beloved sport across the globe with

Australia and the United States being two of its premier destinations. While both countries have many golf courses, the United States has a greater concentration of courses.

However, they share a high standard of courses and facilities, a rich golfing heritage, and a vibrant golf culture that supports tourism and local economies. Playing golf is an activity that provides recreation and relaxation, and the timeless appeal of the sport encompassing the stunning terrain makes golf courses some of the most desirable destinations in both countries.

In conclusion, this article has provided a comprehensive comparison of various aspects of

Australia and the United States, ranging from size, population, GDP, islands, cities, and transportation to education, healthcare, sports. These diverse topics have shed light on the significant differences and similarities between the two nations, reflecting their unique approaches and resources to contribute to human development and progressive societies.

As a result, understanding these differences will pave the way for further analysis and discussion of future developments between these two countries. Here are some FAQs that can help provide answers to common questions that readers may have:

– Which country has more people,

Australia or the United States?


The United States has a larger population than

Australia, with over 332 million people. – What is the largest hospital in


A: The Royal Melbourne Hospital is the largest hospital in

Australia with 1000

Popular Posts